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Gillette Timeline

Please cite sources wherever possible, preferring primary sources to secondary or tertiary ones. There is a discussion thread at http://badgerandblade.com/vb/showthread.php/294023-Gillette-Company-History-Geek-Out

1895

  • [*] July

1899

  • [*] August
    • [*]King Camp Gillette applies for a patent on his design for a safety razor with disposable blades. In 1901 this patent was granted, then withdrawn in favor of a new application.[2]
      Template:<br />
      Timeline_Dates

1901

  • [*] June
    • [*] 28: The USA patent applied for in 1899 is granted. However the final fee is left unpaid and the patent is withdrawn in favor of a new application, which eventually became 775,134 and 775,135.[3]
    [*] September
    • [*] 28: Incorporation as "American Safety Razor Company"[4] with King Camp Gillette as company president. The initial 50,000 shares represent $500,000 at $10 each. First offices are above a fish shop at 424 Atlantic Ave, Boston.[5] Initial stock distribution was roughly: K.C. Gillette 17,500; Stewart 4125; Heilborn 4125; Nickerson 4125; treasury 10,000; remaining 10,000 for sale in 20 blocks of 500 shares for $250 each, or $2 per share. This raises $5,000 for the company. [6] There are 125 shares missing from this account. The correct number for the director shares may be 4177, or possibly the director shares were not divided evenly.[7] At this time each block for sale represents 1% of the company. No person controls more than 35% of the shares, and board holds control with 60%. Early decisions could be carried by K.C. Gillette alone, with 58% of the voting shares.
    [*] December
    • [*] 3: Filing date for the patent later divided into 775,134 and 775,135, superseding the 1899-1901 patent above.

1902


  • [*]Company is close to bankruptcy when John J. Joyce invests $60,000. [8] The $5,000 has been spent, along with nearly $12,000 of borrowed money. K.C. Gillette has given away all but 6000 of his shares, and attempts to sell the 10,000 shares of treasury stock fail. Joyce agrees to buy $30,000-$100,000 in $5,000 company bonds paying 8%, at 60 cents per dollar, along with an equal amount of stock.[9] Joyce eventually invests $60,000. At the same time the company issues another 15,000 shares at $10 each, of which K.C. Gillette receives 3000 to compensate for foreign patent rights. The rest go to "others". [10] This brings K.C. Gillette to 9000 shares, or 14% of 65,000. Joyce probably holds 6000 shares (9%) but it is not clear what happened to the other 12,000 new shares.

    [*]Records for the State of Maine show $25 tax paid by "American Safety Razor Company". [11]
  • [*] July
    • [*] 15: Company renamed for Gillette. Around this time Nickerson has the first machine producing fully machine-sharpened blades, and the initial $5,000 operating cash has been spent.[12]
    [*] October
    • [*] 6: Capital stock increased from $500,000 to $650,000 to accomodate investment from Joyce, who mortgages property to raise the cash.[13]
    [*] December
    • [*] 2: Filing date for UK patent 28763.02.[14]
      [*] 10: Engineering work moves to larger premises at 394 Atlantic Ave, Boston MA.[15]
      [*] 31: Annual sales: nil.[16]

1903


  • [*]Records for the State of Maine show $50 tax paid by "Gillette Safety Razor Company". [17]
  • [*] January
    • [*] 13: Meeting of company directors: Gillette, Heilborn, Sachs, Chadwick, and Nickerson. Agreement on terms of payment reached with Joyce.[18]
    [*] April [*] May
    • [*] 9: Board fixes price of razor set with 12 blades at $3, and $1 per dozen blades. Gillette, Joyce, and Heilborn form an executive committee to run day-to-day business. Sometime between this meeting and the first sales, Joyce persuaded the rest of the board to raise the price of the razor to $5. [21]
    [*] July
    • [*] 2: Board meets to discuss outsourcing of sales and marketing to Townsend and Hunt, known as the Gillette Sales Co. until 1908. They are to take 500 sets before 1 November; 1500 before 1 December; 3000 before 1 January 1904; 5000 before 1 February 1904; total 50,000 sets over 15 months.[22]
      [*] 3: French patent FR327815 granted.[23]
    [*] October
    • [*]First (only?) advertising by Townsend and Hunt.[24]
      [*] 15: UK patent 28763.02 granted.[25]
    [*] November [*] December
    • [*] 31: Annual sales: 51 razor sets and 14 packs of 12 blades (168 blades).[27] Note that Nickerson's digest of the July sales agreement suggests that this should be 1500 or 3000 sets, and Nickerson writes that they shipped nothing until January 1904.

1904


  • [*]In the Fall, purchase of factory building at 303 West First St (South), Boston.[28]

    [*]Records for the State of Maine show $50 tax paid by "Gillette Safety Razor Company". [29]

    [*]A report from 1914 claims 75,000 razors were marketed this year. [30]

1905



1906



1907




1908


1909



1910


1911



1912



1913


1915

1916

1917

1919


1920


References

  1. ^Gillette, King Camp. Gillette Blade, February 1918, Vol. I, No. 4, p6.
  2. ^Patent and Trademark Review, vol. 9-11, p. 3589.
  3. ^Patent and Trademark Review, vol. 9-11, p. 3589.
  4. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, December 1918, Vol. II, No. 2, p9. Nickerson says 26 September, but the 28th seems to be the accepted date.
  5. ^McKibben, Gordon. Cutting Edge: Gillette's Journey to Global Leadership, p11.
  6. ^Gillette, King Camp. Gillette Blade, February 1918, Vol. I, No. 4, p9.
  7. ^The Northeastern reporter, Vol. 87, p614.
  8. ^McKibben, Gordon. Cutting Edge: Gillette's Journey to Global Leadership, p3.
  9. ^Gillette, King Camp. Gillette Blade, February 1918, Vol. I, No. 4, p10-12.
  10. ^Gillette, King Camp. Gillette Blade, March 1918, Vol. I, No. 5, pp7.
  11. ^Annual report of the Board of the State Assessors, 1902, p207.
  12. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, December 1918, Vol. II, No. 2, p12.
  13. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, December 1918, Vol. II, No. 2, p13.
  14. ^GB190228763 (via Espacenet).
  15. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p6.
  16. ^Gillette, King Camp. Gillette Blade, February 1918, Vol. I, No. 4, p10.
  17. ^Annual report of the Board of the State Assessors, 1903, p222.
  18. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p7.
  19. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, pp7-8.
  20. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p8.
  21. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p8.
  22. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p9.
  23. ^FR327815 (via Espacenet).
  24. ^System, October 1903, Vol. 4, No. 6, p.299
  25. ^GB190228763 (via Espacenet).
  26. ^System, November 1903, Vol. 4, No. 7, p.359
  27. ^Picker, Randall C. The Razors-and-Blades Myth(s). (September 13, 2010). U of Chicago Law & Economics, Olin Working Paper No. 532.
  28. ^Gillette, King Camp. Gillette Blade, March 1918, Vol. I, No. 5, pp8-11.
  29. ^Annual report of the Board of the State Assessors, 1904, p252.
  30. ^Printers' Ink, A Journal For Advertisers, Vol. 86, No. 6, 5 Feb 1914, p78.
  31. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p11.
  32. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p11.
  33. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p11.
  34. ^Gillette, King Camp. Gillette Blade, March 1918, Vol. I, No. 5, p7.
  35. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p11.
  36. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p11.
  37. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, pp11-12.
  38. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p11.
  39. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p11.
  40. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p11.
  41. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p12.
  42. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p13.
  43. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p11.
  44. ^Gillette, King Camp. Gillette Blade, March 1918, Vol. I, No. 5, pp7-8.
  45. ^The Northeastern reporter, Vol. 87, p614.
  46. ^Massachusetts reports: cases argued and determined in the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, Vol. 205, p371.
  47. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p13.
  48. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p11.
  49. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p11.
  50. ^Picker, Randall C. The Razors-and-Blades Myth(s). (September 13, 2010). U of Chicago Law & Economics, Olin Working Paper No. 532.
  51. ^Bittues, A.A. Gillette Blade, January 1918, Vol. I, No. 3, p21.
  52. ^Flanagan, P.T. Gillette Blade Canada, July 1918, p5
  53. ^Bittues, A.A. Gillette Blade, January 1918, Vol. I, No. 3, p21.
  54. ^Adams, Russell B. Gillette, The Man and His Wonderful Shaving Device, p67.
  55. ^Gillette, King Camp. Gillette Blade, March 1918, Vol. I, No. 5, p12.
  56. ^ a b c d e fMarshall, W.E. Gillette Blade, 1919, p18-20.
  57. ^Foy, Eversley. Gillette Blade Canada, July 1918, p14.
  58. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p13.
  59. ^Everybody's Magazine, May 1905. Credit: Achim.
  60. ^Unknown advertisement, dated to October 1905. Credit: Achim.
  61. ^Gillette, King Camp. Gillette Blade, March 1918, Vol. I, No. 5, p12.
  62. ^Gillette, King Camp. Gillette Blade, February 1918, Vol. I, No. 4, p9.
  63. ^US Congress, Nomination of Louis D. Brandeis, 1916.
  64. ^Flanagan, P.T. Gillette Blade Canadian Edition, July 1918, p6.
  65. ^Bittues, A.A. Gillette Blade, January 1918, Vol. I, No. 3, p21.
  66. ^Everybody's Magazine, October 1906. Credit: Achim.
  67. ^Gillette, King Camp. Gillette Blade, March 1918, Vol. I, No. 5, p12.
  68. ^The Bankers Service Co., The Directory of directors in the city of Boston and vicinity, 3rd Ed., 1907.
  69. ^Nickerson, William E. Gillette Blade, January 1919, Vol. II, No. 3, p13.
  70. ^Flanagan, P.T. Gillette Blade Canadian Edition, July 1918, p6. The mention of 1906 in one picture caption appears to be a typo.
  71. ^Bittues, A.A. Gillette Blade, January 1918, Vol. I, No. 3, p22.
  72. ^Flanagan, P.T. Gillette Blade Canadian Edition, July 1918, p7.
  73. ^The Bankers Service Co., The Directory of directors in the city of Boston and vicinity, 4th Ed., 1908.
  74. ^Pittsburgh Press, 1908-04-01, p8.
  75. ^Liberal Magazine, volume 16. Dated 1909 but probably printed sometime in 1908.
  76. ^Letter to Mr. Harry W. Reinhart of Scranton PA, dated 30 April 1908. Credit: Achim.
  77. ^USA trademark registration 71034984, filed 27 May 1908.
  78. ^Monthly Notes on Tariff Reform, vol. 9, p300.
  79. ^Gillette, King Camp. Gillette Blade, March 1918, Vol. I, No. 5, p12.
  80. ^ a b cAnalytical Digest of Cases Published in the Law Journal Reports, vol. 89, Gillette Safety Razor, Lim. v. Inland Revenue Commissioners, pp. 1194-96. 1920.
  81. ^Advertisement for "New Process" Gillette blades, dated September 1st 1908. Credit: Achim.
  82. ^Passenger manifest available at http://badgerandblade.com/vb/showthread.php/294023-Gillette-Company-History-Geek-Out?p=6296157#post6296157
  83. ^Peterson, Neil P. Gillette Blade Canadian Edition, July 1918, pp30-31.
  84. ^The American Review of Reviews, Edited by Albert Shaw. December 1908, p147.
  85. ^The Saturday Evening Post, Curtis Publishing Company. December 5, 1908, p48.
  86. ^Gillette, King Camp. Gillette Blade, March 1918, Vol. I, No. 5, p12.
  87. ^Gillette advert. from mr-razor.com site.
  88. ^Peterson, Neil P. Gillette Blade Canadian Edition, July 1918, p31.
  89. ^Brass World and Platers' Guide, November 1911. Vol. 5, No. 11, p415.
  90. ^McKibben, Gordon. Cutting Edge: Gillette's Journey to Global Leadership, p3.
  91. ^Gillette Blade, June 1919, Vol. II, No. 8, p13.
  92. ^American Chamber of Commerce for the Levant, Levant Trade Review, Volumes 1-4, p. xxii. November 1911.
  93. ^Gillette, King Camp. Gillette Blade, March 1918, Vol. I, No. 5, pp12-13.
  94. ^Flanagan, P.T. Gillette Blade Canadian Edition, July 1918, p8. The $400,000 figure seems to come from the Canadian management and may be more reliable.
  95. ^Peterson, Neil P. Gillette Blade Canadian Edition, July 1918, p31.
  96. ^Printers' Ink, A Journal For Advertisers, Vol. 86, No. 6, 5 Feb 1914, p78.
  97. ^New England investments, Richardson, Hill & Co, 1919, p87.
  98. ^Moody's manual of investments, American and foreign, 8th Ed., 1917, p990.
  99. ^Poor's Manual of Industrials, Poor's Railroad Manual Co, 1916, pp512-514.
  100. ^Printers' Ink, A Journal For Advertisers, Vol. 86, No. 6, 5 Feb 1914, p78.
  101. ^Passenger manifest available at http://badgerandblade.com/vb/showthread.php/294023-Gillette-Company-History-Geek-Out?p=6296158#post6296158
  102. ^Gillette Blade, 1918-02, Vol. I, No. 4, p14.
  103. ^Poor's Manual of Industrials, Poor's Railroad Manual Co, 1916, p513.
  104. ^See also the change in advertising from 1915 to 1916, dropping any mention of Leicester and the phrase "British Made". In 1938 Chemist and druggist: the newsweekly for pharmacy, Vol. 128, p342 (snippet view only) wrote that Leicester closed in 1912, but this probably refers to a company reorganization not the actual end of manufacturing. See also discussion at http://badgerandblade.com/vb/showthread.php/348522-Gillette-pocket-edition?p=5163593#post5163593.
  105. ^New England investments, Richardson, Hill & Co, 1919, p87.
  106. ^The Commercial and Financial Chronicle, Volume 110, Part 1, p773.
  107. ^Commercial and Financial Chronicle, Volume 108, Part 1, p1294. Contains complete text.
  108. ^Pacific Ports, Frank Waterhouse, September 1919, p132.
  109. ^Magistrates Cases, vol. 89, p1196 (1920, snippet view).

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